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News & Announcements

No-Fault: Fix It, Don't Nix It15-May-2017

"Bad Behavior Also Applies to Insurance Companies" Thanks to the FREEP’s JC Reindl for an informative overview of Michigan’s auto no-fault situation. The series shines in underscoring.. Read More...

Capitol Day, Annual Meeting, and Spring Fling03-Apr-2017

On Wednesday, May 17th, we will be gathering in the Mackinaw Room for Capitol Day 2017. It's a chance for brain injury survivors, their friends and family members, caregivers, and professionals to.. Read More...

March is Brain Injury Awareness Month02-Mar-2017

March is Brain Injury Awareness Month. Throughout this month, BIAMI has various activities, events, initiatives, and special programming across the state. A few notable events lined up include our.. Read More...

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BIA HOME : Home : Prevention

Prevention

Helmets stacked up to hand out at Lids for Kids in Grand Rapids

The Brain Injury Association of America defines a traumatic brain injury (TBI) as an acquired brain injury that is “caused by an external physical force that may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness.” The most common causes of TBI are vehicle crashes, falls, sports injuries, and violence.

Txting & Driving... It Can Wait

The Brain Injury Association of Michigan strives to further our mission of brain injury prevention through community education and public awareness campaigns. We offer fact sheets, which include up-to-date statistics on topics such as bike safety, falls, sports and recreation, violence, and transportation safety, and recommendations on how to prevent injuries from occurring. Unlike broken bones that mend, or cut or scraped skin that grows again, the brain cannot repair itself. It cannot grow new brain cells, called neurons, once they are damaged.

The BEST Protection Against Brain Injury is PREVENTION!

A Concussion is a Brain Injury - Get the Facts ↓

March has been designated as Brain Injury Awareness Month. The Brain Injury Association of Michigan and its partners will launch the campaign with radio and print public service announcements, awareness proclamations and special events.

An advocacy effort to introduce legislation to train coaches and protect young athletes will continue throughout the year.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), each year U.S. emergency departments treat an estimated 135,000 sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), including concussions, among children ages 5 - 18.

Only by raising public awareness of the "silent epidemic" of brain injury will we begin to see a decrease in the alarming number of injuries sustained every year; an increase in the number of individuals practicing preventive behaviors while at work or play; and a change in the public's attitude toward individuals with brain injury.

Keeping Quiet Can Keep You Out of the Game - Tracy's Story

A Concussion is a Brain Injury - Get the Facts

Concussions are a form of a traumatic brain injury, which account for 75% of ALL TBI’s. The true extent of brain injury is not conveyed by numbers. Lives, hopes, dreams, families, and friendships are often altered in the wake of a brain injury. Injury prevention is one of the most significant health care issues in the United States. Most brain injuries can be prevented. Each year 50,000 persons die from brain injuries and 80,000 - 90,000 people experience long term disability.

Concussions in Youth Sports ↓

Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports

A concussion is a brain injury caused by a bump or blow to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Even what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.

To help ensure the health and safety of young athletes, CDC developed the “Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports” initiative to offer information about concussions—a type of traumatic brain injury—to coaches, parents, and athletes involved in youth sports. The “Heads Up” initiative provides important information on preventing, recognizing, and responding to a concussion.

CDC wants to equip coaches, parents, and young athletes across the country with the "Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports" tool kit, which contains:

• a fact sheet for coaches on concussion
• a fact sheet for athletes on concussion
• a fact sheet for parents on concussion
• a clipboard with concussion facts for coaches
• a magnet with concussion facts for coaches and parents
• a poster with concussion facts for coaches and sports administrators
• a quiz for coaches, athletes, and parents to test their concussion knowledge

This kit was created by the Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2008.

The Midwest Injury Prevention Alliance (MIPA) ↓

Midwest Injury Prevention Alliance logo The Midwest Injury Prevention Alliance (MIPA) is an organization of injury professionals from Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin that works collaboratively to reduce unintentional and intentional injury-related death and disability.

BIAMI is a proud member, are you?

Join MIPA today!

Prevention Information From the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) & National Center for Injury Prevention Control (NCIPC)↓

There are many ways to reduce the chances of a traumatic brain injury (TBI), including:

• Wearing a seat belt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle.
• Buckling your child in the car using a child safety seat, booster seat, or seat belt (according to the child's height, weight, and age).
   – Children should start using a booster seat when they outgrow their child safety seats (usually when they weigh about 40 pounds)
   – They should continue to ride in a booster seat until the lap/shoulder belts in the car fit properly, typically when they are 4’9” tall
• Never driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Wearing a helmet and making sure your children wear helmets when:
   – Riding a bike, motorcycle, snowmobile, scooter, or all-terrain vehicle
   – Playing a contact sport, such as football, ice hockey, or boxing
   – Using in-line skates or riding a skateboard
   – Batting and running bases in baseball or softball
   – Riding a horse
   – Skiing or snowboarding.
• Making living areas safer for seniors, by:
   – Removing tripping hazards such as throw rugs and clutter in walkways
   – Using nonslip mats in the bathtub and on shower floors
   – Installing grab bars next to the toilet and in the tub or shower
   – Installing handrails on both sides of stairways
   – Improving lighting throughout the home
   – Maintaining a regular physical activity program, if your doctor agrees, to improve lower body strength and balance
• Making living areas safer for children, by:
   – Installing window guards to keep young children from falling out of open windows
   – Using safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs when young children are around
   – Making sure the surface on your child's playground is made of shock-absorbing material, such as hardwood mulch or sand
• There are many opportunities to raise awareness in your community about TBI
   – The week of Valentine’s Day is National Child Passenger Safety Week
   – March is Brain Injury Awareness Month
   – The fourth week of April is National Playground Safety Week
   – December is National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month

Schools are a great place to incorporate prevention efforts. The National SAFE KIDS campaign website and the National Program for Playground Safety website have plans for teachers and have student handouts about playground, motor vehicle, and sports and recreation safety.

National SAFE KIDS Campaign Website

National Program for Playground Safety Website

The ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation also offers TBI prevention and educational programs for young people.

ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation

References
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Warning on interaction between air bags and rear-facing child restraints. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report MMWR 1993;42(No.14):20–2. Judge JO, Lindsey C, Underwood M, Winsemius D. Balance improvements in older women: effects of exercise training. Physical Therapy 1993;73(4):254–65. Lord SR, Caplan GA, Ward JA. Balance, reaction time, and muscle strength in exercising older women: a pilot study. Archives of Physical and Medical Rehabilitation 1993;74(8):837–9. Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Buchner DM. Falls prevention over 2 years: a randomized controlled trial in women 80 years and older. Age and Aging 1999;28:513–18. Mack MG, Sacks JJ, Thompson D. Testing the impact attenuation of loose fill playground surfaces. Injury Prevention 2000;6:141–4.

Prevention on Television ↓


* NOTE: Some videos may not be suitable for all ages. Viewer discretion is advised.


Bully is a thought-provoking 30-second PSA focusing on brain injury prevention through bicycle helmet use. Geared toward children from age 5 to 15, this powerful video PSA certainly will invoke discussion on the issue of bicycle helmet use and the empowerment of those kids who choose to wear helmets despite outside taunting or teasing from "bullies."



The second PSA, Crying Mia, is offered in both a 90-second segmented format that should be used during commercial breaks in an hour-long television program, as well as a more traditional 60-second format. In both of these PSAs, the audience witnesses a father's growing frustration when his infant daughter does not stop crying. These compelling video PSAs will elicit unease in its viewers and leave the audience with the very clear understanding that even one incidence of shaking could result in permanent effects and even death for the infant/toddler.

Seasonal Safety

Help protect children from harm by following these selected seasonal safety facts from the Brain Injury Association of America’s Seasonal Brochures:
Winter ↓

• Children are most commonly injured when the sled hits something or gets out of control
   – Find hidden dangers of rocks or tree stumps hidden under snowy bumps by walking the slope with your child before the first run
• Playing hockey without a helmet is dangerous as blows from a puck or stick can injure a brain
   – Require your child to wear a helmet at all times when playing hockey
   – Check the effects of weather conditions and temperatures on outdoor ice before skating
• Most skiers are hurt at the beginning and end of the day
   – Arrange for lessons to help how to ski or snowboard safely
• Snowmobile riders are most often hurt by falling off snowmobiles during collisions
   – Know with whom your child is riding, their age, driving skills and safety habits
• Children using safety belts are less likely to die or to be severely injured in a crash
   – You set the best example for your child by always buckling upon every trip
   – Know when to use a safety seat or booster seat for your child

Spring ↓

• Bicycle incidents are most likely to occur within five blocks of home
   – Teach by example: A bicycle helmet is a necessity not an accessory
• Baseball has the least amount of safety equipment required of any youth sport
   – Your child’s baseball helmet should meet National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment (NOCSAE) standards
• Falls are the most common cause of playground injuries
   – Check the surface under playground equipment
   – Avoid asphalt concrete, grass and soil surfaces
   – Look for surfaces with shredded mulch, pea gravel, crushed stone and other loose surfaces
• 2/3 of all-terrain vehicle accidents have involved children under 16 years old
   – Model safe behavior by always wearing helmets with face protection and protective clothing
• Brain injuries occur when skaters fall and hit their heads on the pavement
• Wear a helmet for protection against falls
• Brain injury is the leading cause of death among children hit by cars
   – Always stop at the curb or edge of the road
   – Never run into the street

Summer ↓

• Always supervise your child around water
   – Most children who survive drowning are found within two minutes of being under water
   – Most who die are found after 10 minutes or longer
• Alcohol use is a leading factor in boating incidents and deaths
   – Stop your child from riding in a boat with anyone who has been drinking alcohol
• A bicyclist who is wearing a helmet is less likely to die, be seriously injured or become disabled if hit by a car
   – Buy a helmet that meets the safety standards of ANSI , Snell, or ASTM
   – Tighten chin strap to keep helmets from slipping forward or backward
   – Only two fingers should fit under the chin strap
   – Place the helmet directly over the forehead
•Screens are designed to keep out bugs, not to keep in children
   – Install child safety window guards

Fall ↓

• Concussion is the most common consequence of brain injury in contact sports
   – Ask if coaches and other staff know the correct procedures for grading a possible concussion
   – Have guidelines for removing a child from the game
• Injuries from soccer sharply increase at age 14 due to more aggressive play and the heavier weight of players
   – Use the body and extremities, not the head, to hit the ball
• During horseback riding, the most serious injuries are caused by being separated from the horse while riding or by falling with the horse
   – Be a role model: always wear a riding helmet
   – Choose a horse that matches your child’s ability
• Falls are the leading cause of injury on Halloween
   – Use face paint or cosmetics instead of loose fitting masks
   – Make costumes short enough to prevent tripping
• Most children that are hit and killed by cars are playing in the street
   – Walk facing traffic if there is no sidewalk
• Wait for the school bus in a safe place off the road